The World’s First Public Deaf School: Institut National de Jeunes Sourds de Paris

The World’s First Public Deaf School: Institut National de Jeunes Sourds de Paris


This is the public Deaf school in Paris, France. It was founded by Charles-Michel de l’Épée. Institut National de Jeunes Sourds de Paris is the first public deaf education school in the world. It means any Deaf student can come and study at no charge. It’s located in Paris, France. I will tell you a history in this video. Also, there’s an old man sharing his story. You can learn more about connections to Gallaudet and American School for the Deaf. ASD is the first Deaf school in Connecticut. Both men, Massieu and Sicard, were teaching a deaf student how to speak. This is Sicard. While Massieu is a quite famous person in the Deaf history. Why? You know Laurent Clerc, right? Massieu was Clerc’s teacher. Amazing isn’t it? Three, Sicard, Clerc, and Massieu were visiting London, England. Both teachers wanted to display how potential Clerc as a student is to supreme and high-level people. Their goal was to prove them the fact, a Deaf student can sign and speak well as hearing people can do. While you know Alice Cogswell as a Deaf female in the United States, Her father, Mason Fitch Cogswell, wanted Alice to be educated lady. He struggled to find a teacher who could teach Alice. Mason was neighbors with Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet They were talking about where is Deaf school in the United States. They discovered there is a Deaf school in Europe. Mason asked Gallaudet to go and everything was covered by Mason’s fund. Gallaudet met three, Clerc, Sicard, and Massieu at London. Gallaudet wanted them to come and started a Deaf school in the United States. They wanted Gallaudet to come to their Institut National de Jeunes Sourds de Paris first. They wanted Gallaudet to see how things really work at Deaf school. Gallaudet came and learned how things work there. Gallaudet wanted either Sicard or Massieu to come. Both declined and suggested Clerc instead. Due to some reasons such as in aging. Clerc was a bright and young student. He was only 21 years old. Clerc accepted and joined the journey. But Clerc’s father didn’t want Clerc to go. They agreed that Clerc will only stay in the United States for a year. Gallaudet didn’t know how to sign. While Clerc didn’t really know how to write English well. They taught each other how to sign and how to write English for whole three months on the ship. From there, they founded the first Deaf school in Connecticut. It’s called American School for the Deaf (ASD). Clerc was supposed to stay there for just a year, but he found a love. Clerc stayed in the United States for the rest of his life. That’s how everything was connected between the US and Europe. I bet you all wanted to learn how did Charles-Michel de l’Épée got involved the Deaf community. Charles-Michel de l’Épée has involved a church (religious). Charles saw two Deaf females crying and signing to each other. He learned their teacher died so they had no way to learn more. Charles stepped in and wanted to teach them. From there, there were new Deaf students coming in. Then, they founded this Deaf school. I have a question…. Why are we signing his name like this? Why is his name signing like this way? His name is Lespé. He changed his outfit like this one. When you speak, it sounds like Épée. When you translated that word, it’s called a sword in english. That’s why we sign his name this way.

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